She was soon murdered by her cousin and co-regent, Ptolemy XI, who was then killed. A son of Ptolemy XII Auletes, Ptolemy XIII became joint ruler of Egypt with his sister following his father’s death.In 49 Ptolemy, seeking to retain his father’s allies, supplied the Roman general and former triumvir Pompey the Great with ships and troops. Email; Back to Article; Related resources for this article. With Roman funding and military assistance, Ptolemy XII was able to recapture Egypt and have Berenice IV killed in 55 BC. In 63 BC, when Pompey was reorganising Syria and Anatolia following his victory in the Third Mithridatic War, Ptolemy sought to form a relationship with Pompey by sending him a golden crown. Nevertheless, upon entering the palace, Ptolemy had Berenic… [39] In 57 BC, pressure from the Roman public forced the Senate's decision to restore Ptolemy. There's a lot of information on the Macedonian queen that we aren't aware of, where the facts will surprise yet educate readers. 2nd/1st Century Bc King Of Ptolemaic Egypt, Page views of Ptolemy XII Auletes by language, Among people deceased in 51 BC, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks. The identity of his mother is uncertain. His old ally Pompey housed the exiled king and his daughter and argued on behalf of Ptolemy's restoration in the Senate. Cleopatra was one of several children of a descendant of this first Ptolemy, Ptolemy XII Auletes. [24], Finally, in 60 BC, Ptolemy XII travelled to Rome, where the First Triumvirate, composed of Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar, had just taken power, in order to negotiate official recognition of his kingship. Ptolemy reigned during the Hellenistic period. Thank you for subscribing! Cleopatra’s father was known as Ptolemy XII. Ptolemy XII Auletes (117 BC-51 BC) was the Ptolemaic King of Egypt from 80 to 58 BC (succeeding Ptolemy XI and preceding Cleopatra VI and Berenice IV) and from 55 to 51 BC (succeeding Cleopatra VI and Berenice and preceding Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra).. Generally, descriptions of Ptolemy XII portray him as weak and self-indulgent, drunk, or a lover of music. Rome annexed Cyprus in 58 BC, causing Ptolemy of Cyprus to commit suicide. Ptolemy XII Auletes is the 916th most popular politician (up from 1,061st in 2019), the 4th most popular biography from Cyprus and the most popular Cypriot Politician. It may contain ideas you can use to improve this article. He named his daughter Cleopatra VII as his co-regent in 52 BC. Ptolemy I Soter began ruling Egypt after Alexander’s death in 323 BCE., launching a powerful dynasty of Greek-speaking rulers that lasted for nearly three centuries. Father:-Ptolemy XII Auletes. [44] On 31 May 52 BC his daughter Cleopatra VII was named as his coregent. [46][47] Ptolemy also permitted a debasing of the coinage as an attempt to repay the loans. In 65 BC, the Roman censor, Marcus Licinius Crassus proposed that Rome annex Egypt. Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos (Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos, "Ptolemy New Dionysus, Father-lover, Sibling-lover"; c. 117 BC – before 22 March 51 BC) was a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Later she married the Roman Mark Antony. 5. Thames & Hudson. [35] He was replaced by his daughter Berenice IV, who ruled jointly with Cleopatra Tryphaena, who is probably Ptolemy XII's former wife but may be an otherwise unattested daughter. After him are Makarios III (1913), Nicos Anastasiades (1946), Saint Spyridon (270), Rauf Denktaş (1924), Demetris Christofias (1946), Michael Cacoyannis (1922), Tassos Papadopoulos (1934), and Mustafa Akıncı (1947). Ptolemeusz XII Auletes, jako egipski faraon. Her two older sisters were Berenice IV and Cleopatra VI who may have died early in life. Ptolemy reigned during the Hellenistic period. 45–47, accessed online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ptolemy_XII_Auletes&oldid=1000662519, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Koinē Greek-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Pages with login required references or sources, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ptolemy Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos, Queen of Egypt (June 58 BC – early 55 BC), Queen of Cyprus in 48 BC, claimed queenship of Egypt from late 48 BC until expelled by, Co-regent with Cleopatra VII (51 – 47 BC), Co-regent with Cleopatra VII (47 – 44 BC), This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 03:12. [37] On the way, he stopped in Rhodes where the exiled Cato the Younger offered him advice on how to approach the Roman aristocracy, but no tangible support. He was commonly known as Auletes (Αὐλητής, "the Flautist"), referring to the king's love of playing the flute in Dionysian festivals. Cleopatra was born in 69 B.C. in Alexandria, Egypt. [64] The Greek historian Strabo (c. 63 BC – c. AD 24) stated that the king had only three daughters of whom the eldest has been referred to as Berenice IV. Early life. [1][2] Some scholars have therefore proposed that his mother was a concubine – probably an Alexandrian Greek,[3][4][5][6] but possibly a member of the Egyptian elite. Ptolemy XII (Ptolemy Auletes) (tŏl`əmē ôlē`tēz), d. 51 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (80–58 B.C., 55–51 B.C. The Roman Senate recognised Ptolemy as king and Caesar passed a law that added Ptolemy to the list of friends and allies of the people of Rome (amici et socii populi Romani) in 59 BC. Ptolemy XII Auletes and the Romans 307 in bringing about the recognition of the king but, more importantly, as the major creditor who having consolidated the debts of Ptolemy Auletes to the Roman financiers under his name made both the Egyptian king and these Romans indebted to his services. [34], The bribery policy had been unpopular in Egypt for a long time, both because of its obsequiousness and because of the heavy tax burden that it entailed, but the annexation of Cyprus demonstrated its failure and enraged the people of Alexandria. The images of her that had been carved on the main pylon of the Temple of Horus at Edfu were covered over at this time. There he was accused de repetundis, but defended by Cicero and probably acquitted. He died the next year and was succeeded by Cleopatra and her brother, Ptolemy XIII, as joint rulers. However, he was forced into a civil war against his mother and brother, Ptolemy X, leading to his exile in 107 BC. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. Near the end of Ptolemy's reign, the value of Egyptian coinage dropped to about fifty per cent of its value at the beginning of his first reign.[48]. [56][57][58][59][60][61][62] The identity of the mother of the last three of Ptolemy's children, in birth order Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, and Ptolemy XIV, is also uncertain. [63], The philosopher Porphyry (c. 234 – c. 305 AD) wrote of Ptolemy XII's daughter Cleopatra VI Tryphaena, who reigned alongside her sister Berenice. B.C. Cleopatra is, undeniably, one of the most controversial yet powerful Egyptian monarchs of the ancient era. The strategic role of C. Rabirius Postumus as the 6. However, Cicero and other ancient sources refer to Ptolemy XII as an illegitimate son; Pompeius Trogus called him a "nothos" (bastard), while Pausanias wrote that Ptolemy IX had no legitimate sons at all. But he may instead be the son of Ptolemy IX by Cleopatra IV. Among politicians, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks 916 out of 15,710. She was murdered by his rival in 114 BC. Auletes means pipes-player, referring to the king's love of playing the pipes. Sign up for our Britannica for Parents newsletter for expert advice on parenting in the 21st century! She was said to have been born in the year 69 B.C, and was given the throne along with her brother after the death of her father, Ptolemy XII (Auletes). The king had to imprison Rabirius to protect his life from the angry people, then allowed him to escape. [33] Ptolemy XII took no action in response to his brother's death and Cyprus remained a Roman province until returned to Ptolemaic control by Julius Caesar in 48 BC. Her father was also known as Auletes or the Piper because he played the flute. At first, Ptolemy XII was coregent with his sister Cleopatra VI Tryphaina and his wife Cleopatra V Tryphaena, but the former mysteriously disappears from the records in 69 BC. To achieve this goal he was prepared to sacrifice much: the loss of rich Ptolemaic lands, most of his wealth and even, according to Cicero, the very dignity on which the mystique of kingship rested when he appeared before the Roman people as a mere supplicant. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Important Facts. Ptolemy XII Auletes. Early life. Auletes means pipes-player, referring to the king’s love of playing the pipes. [55] Cleopatra V disappears from court records a few months after the birth of Ptolemy's second known child,[56] and probably hers, Cleopatra VII in 69 BC. Look at other dictionaries: Ptolemy XII Auletes — Macedonian king of Egypt Greek“Flute Player”in full Ptolemy XII Theos Philopater Philadelphus Neos Dionysos Auletes born c. 112 BC died 51 BC Macedonian king of Egypt, whose quasi legitimate royal status compelled him to depend heavily … Universalium. Brothers/Sisters:-Arsinoe IV of Egypt, Berenice IV of Egypt, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, Ptolemy XIV of Egypt. His reign was officially dated as having begun on the death of his father in 81 BC, thereby eliding the reigns of Berenice III and Ptolemy X. [7][20][21], On his arrival in Alexandria, in April 80 BC, Ptolemy XII was proclaimed king. [14], When Ptolemy X had died in 88 BC, his will had left Egypt to Rome in the event that he had no surviving heirs. Biography. Her reign would last for 21 years , from 51 BC to 30 BC. Ptolemy IX meanwhile had been remarried to Cleopatra Selene, with whom he had a daughter, Berenice III. In 107 BC she forced him to flee Alexandria for Cyprus and replaced him as co-regent with his younger brother Ptolemy X Alexander. [24][25] Ptolemy XII continued this pro-Roman policy in order to protect himself and secure his dynasty's fate. Generally, descriptions of Ptolemy XII portray him as weak and self-indulgent, drunk, or a lover of music. 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