Unlike the US and Europe, Canada welcomed the world — but with the stipulation that arrivals had to have the skills and education to find work quickly. The first thing the visitor heard as he approached the cabs outside the airport was a lively discussion in Arabic, which brought him up short. Keith Banting of Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, and his students have tracked the country’s attitudes toward immigration. What’s its secret? In 2015, Quebec accounted for 18 percent of immigrants despite having 23 percent of Canada’s population. All rights reserved. Attitudes toward immigration policy are driven by fears about cultural diversity, not just individual economic circumstances. But Sifton wasn’t willing to give up. This column looks back at the Age of Mass Migration (1850-1913), when 30 million migrants moved from Europe to the US, to examine whether such fears are justified. John Ibbitson is writer at large for the Globe and Mail, Canada's national newspaper. In a personal talk, he breaks down the mischaracterizations and limited narratives of immigrants and shares the stories of the worlds they belong to. To equal Canada’s intake on a per capita level, the US would need to accept about 3 million legal immigrants a year — three times its current level. But even in the rest of Canada, a significant minority is uncomfortable with newcomers. Miriam came to the U.S at a very young age and believes that people need to change the way they think about immigrants. In 2010, technologist Tan Le took the TEDGlobal stage to demo a powerful new interface. Between the 1990s and now, Canada has brought in the equivalent of three new Torontos, with arrivals from China, India, Philippines, and other nations. The new Dominion of Canada, barely a quarter century old, was in danger of failing. So there are tensions. Its language is one of the hardest to learn. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). People didn’t want to live there, and many who were there wanted to leave. “The population could roughly be divided three ways,” he argues. The US, recovered from its civil war, surged ahead, as millions streamed from Europe to its shores. But now, at TEDxWomen, she tells a very personal story: the story of her family -- mother, grandmother and sister -- fleeing Vietnam and building a new life. When summer arrived, many others, mostly Haitians, crossed into Quebec; almost 6,000 in August alone. About 6 in 10 Americans and Canadians oppose allowing religious headgear for police officers and members of the military; about 4 in 10 oppose requiring employers to make a special effort to hire minorities and immigrants; about 2 in 10 oppose allowing women to wear a hijab in public. It's an incredibly complicated topic, with political disagreement about how immigration affects a nation's economy. The government flooded Scandinavia, Germany, Ukraine, and everywhere in between with leaflets, touting Canada as the “Last, Best West,” “the New Eldorado,” with “rich virgin lands” that were “protected by the government”. Canadian politicians must preserve tolerance within the mosaic, a mosaic that’s still a far more successful and resilient structure than nationalism. The country was already divided between French Quebec and the rest of Canada, a division that threatened the unity and existence of the dominion from its birth in 1867. This 2018 TED talk from the multidisciplinary artist delves into Rucker’s personal collection of artifacts connected to slavery as well as his pursuit of a pristine Ku Klux Klan (KKK) robe. In 1896, Clifford Sifton confronted just about the biggest problem a politician can have. Yet that might be impossible. In this lesson, explore the themes of resilience, human rights, and cultural displacement. Open Translation Project. To equal Canada’s intake, on a per capita basis, the US would need to accept about 3 million legal immigrants a year — three times its current level. Every individual has the power to form a legacy. The less the sense of self, the less the sense that another is the Other. Most nations have responded with similar measures — stay-at-home advisories, shutdown of non-essential businesses, social distancing — but the scope of these changes has varied and so has the human impact. Many Quebec immigrants are Muslim, and they tend to be less well educated than immigrants coming into the rest of Canada. Ted Cruz talks of using Immigration and Customs Enforcement to search for and deport millions. As people flooded in, editorialists lamented the lack of a strong national identity. It’s that commitment to policing immigration that has, paradoxically, sustained such high levels of support… As for illegal and irregular immigration, Canadian governments from both ends of the political spectrum have worked—quietly—to ensure there is as little of it as possible. Other settler countries, like the US or New Zealand, have such a strong national ethos that newcomers know they must embrace it or go elsewhere. Even if Hungary did welcome immigrants, people might think twice, for linguistic reasons alone. So hijabs on the street are an abomination, but the crucifix in the National Assembly is perfectly reasonable. It is also typical of the world’s most cosmopolitan country: 20 percent of its population was not born in Canada, a percentage that keeps climbing. U.S. immigration arrests down 27% in 2020, a trend activists hope Biden will continue By Ted Hesson 12/23/2020 Capitol Police official tells Congress he saw no … Refugee advocate Rana Novack is using AI to help predict new waves of migration — so the world can help before disaster strikes. translators. Immigrants to Canada are, on average, better educated than native-born Canadians. The chaos at the border — at one point, the army was called in to provide temporary accommodation — undermined confidence in Canada’s immigration system. © TED Conferences, LLC. Intellectuals and politicians refer to “interculturalism” in Quebec — the effort to integrate other cultures into the majority francophone culture while respecting differences. Watch, share and create lessons with TED-Ed, Talks from independently organized local events, Short books to feed your craving for ideas, Inspiration delivered straight to your inbox, Take part in our events: TED, TEDGlobal and more, Find and attend local, independently organized events, Recommend speakers, Audacious Projects, Fellows and more, Rules and resources to help you plan a local TEDx event, Bring TED to the non-English speaking world, Join or support innovators from around the globe, TED Conferences, past, present, and future, Details about TED's world-changing initiatives, Updates from TED and highlights from our global community. Now it was French and British and — a lot of other things. Obama’s former ICE man talks immigration. But they argue less fiercely than elsewhere. For when it comes to preserving and renewing a society, nationalism can be a curse. “Well, at least we’re not Americans,” people concluded. Excerpted with permission from the new book Empty Planet: The Shock of Global Population Decline by Darrell Bricker and John Ibbitson. But Hungary is as Hungarian as Japan is Japanese: 90 percent of the population is ethnically Hungarian, or Magyar. How to Use TED Talks for ESL Lessons Practice Listening. Copyright © 2019 by Darrell Bricker and John Ibbitson. In this short introductory talk Maz humorously presents the inner struggles of every immigrant. Clarke’s essay, “A Black Man Talks about Race Prejudice in White Canada,” examines a key issue in 1960s Black Canadian activism–an immigration policy known as the “Domestic Scheme,”which largely limited West Indian migration to Canada to … Quebecers work hard to preserve their identity, with laws restricting the use of English and requirements that children attend French-language schools. One third are enthusiastic multiculturalists. 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